DigitalForest Blog

Top 5 blockchain projects in healthcare

Latest examples of blockchain projects in healthcare
Kristina Novikova
Research Analyst at DigitalForest
December 17, 2019
According to IDC Health Insights research, in 2 years every fifth healthcare organization will probably use the blockchain technology as a base for their projects.

Distributed ledger technology ensures data integrity, privacy and trust. This makes blockchain a perfect tool for such healthcare-related operations as storing and processing medical data, tracking drug supply chains, collecting data from medical devices and providing medical insurance.
Learn how to integrate blockchain solutions to healthcare
eHealth Estonia
Estonia became the first country to introduce blockchain on a national level. The Estonian eHealth Foundation has been operating since 2005.

Over this time:
prescriptions were issued digitally
medical records were digitized
500 000
requests are sent by doctors annually
invoices were issued digitally
In 2016, the eHealth Foundation teamed up with Guardtime, a company that specializes in data security. Guardtime helped the foundation to introduce KSI (Keyless signature infrastructure), a blockchain technology that provides large-scale data authentication without relying on a centralized trusted authority.
Now the project has over a million records of patients and their data. KSI infrastructure provides high security of medical data, its safety and integrity. With every alteration of medical information, the KSI blockchain automatically creates an updated record, which prevents any uncontrolled data manipulation, whether it is an edit, addition or deletion.
PokitDok started operating in 2011. The platform is a set of APIs that gives developers and users access to over 700 trading partners. The solution was developed for healthcare systems, insurance companies, medical digital companies and other organizations in order to optimize business processes in the healthcare sector.

The platform is a modular marketplace, which consists of 5 components: identity management, exemptions and payment management, insolvency risk assessment, marketplace and claims management.

PokitDok solutions are based on the DokChain blockchain platform, which is built together with Intel on the Hyperledger Sawtooth Lake basis. DokChain is a blockchain platform-as-a-service.

The main platform features are:
  • autonomous and automatic decision-making on controversial issues of insurance payments
  • event-driven supply chain management, such as drug delivery to patients when needed
  • workflow automation using smart contracts
The main goal of the project is to simplify assets transfer between medical companies and potential intermediaries. DokChain aims to provide companies with a platform that supports all types of transfers, transactions and connects organizations, devices, doctors and patients into a single data layer.

The partners of the project are quite famous large companies:
You can also learn more about platform's technical characteristics.
FarmaTrust is developing a fast, scalable and secure blockchain solution that automates all stages of pharmaceutical product tracking in the supply chain.

The Zoi blockchain system created by the FarmaTrust company helps minimize the costs and resources required for a full-cycle drugs tracking. The platform can be integrated with existing corporate software solutions and stimulates existing business processes stability, which can be disrupted by delivery failure or delay.

The solution is based on a public blockchain network: Ethereum. In addition, the company successfully launched a few PoC on private versions of Ethereum: Tomochain and Quorum. The platform uses decentralized ledger to store data on tracking drugs origin, uses smart contracts to automate the delivery of legitimate products, and artificial intelligence to predict drug supply needs.

To test the solution at the country level, FarmaTrust announced a long-term partnership with the Mongolian government in 2018. For the trials the company chose Mongolia, because 80% of drugs on the local market are imported and it is extremely crucial to track their origin in order to avoid procurement of low-quality and fake drugs to local pharmacies and hospitals. FarmaTrust provided the country with access to the blockchain platform, so that the state has the opportunity to create an immutable registry for tracking and protecting data on pharmaceutical supply chains.
LumenLab, a Singapore-based subsidiary of Metlife, which is a large insurance company, has launched an Insurechain pilot blockchain platform to automate insurance claims.

Insurechain-based application Vitana is designed to provide pregnant women with financial protection in case of gestational diabetes.
To take advantage of this offer, a patient needs to go to a clinic that participates in the program and install Vitana application on a mobile phone. Using the app, the patient can apply for an insurance policy. If a user is diagnosed with diabetes, the app will issue an automatic insurance payment of $500. In case of any condition complications, the amount of insurance payments can increase up to $2,000.

Thanks to the blockchain technology used as a base of the application, the insurance policy takes only a few minutes to be issued, and insurance payments are executed automatically, with no patient involvement.

Vitana was created with the active participation of large corporations such as SwissRe, Cognizant and Vault Dragon, which helped LumenLab with the project design, development and implementation.

Now the application is being tested and is available in the App Store.
Russia: drug trafficking monitoring
A joint medical corporation, with the assistance of Vnesheconombank, has developed a drug trafficking monitoring program for hospitals that runs on the Microsoft Azure cloud platform using Ethereum Blockchain as a Service.

The program was launched in Russia, in the Novgorod region. The governor of the region said that the introduction of monitoring has made it possible to track expensive drugs purchased with the Novgorod state funds.

Thanks to the blockchain technology, the monitoring system stores detailed information about the prescribed drugs, which cannot be replaced or removed. Patients gain access to reliable data on the drugs prescribed to them, which completely eliminates the possibility of substituting a type or quantity of drugs.

The project was implemented in the hematology, rheumatology and pulmonology departments of the Novgorod Regional Clinical Hospital. Each patient received access to an electronic system that stores data on the prescribed drugs. During the pilot project, patients from these departments were able to get all the information about the prescribed drugs at a reception desk simply by looking through their data on a provided tablet.

The total cost of the project is around 5 million Russian rubles (approximately $ 76,000). Within seven months after the project launch, about 12% of budget funds were saved.

On December 11, 2018, the Novgorod blockchain project won a "Digital Peaks" contest in the "Trust and Transparency" nomination.
The widespread of blockchain technology will create a huge infrastructure for safe and stable exchange of medical data. The introduction of modern blockchain systems will give healthcare organizations strong economic advantages, security and a completely new speed of work. And in the meantime, patients will be provided with a new, previously inaccessible level of security and ownership of their personal and medical data.
Part 2. More blockchain projects in healthcare
5 more examples of medical blockchain projects


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